Babel-based JS/JSX auto-translator for Russian source code
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Automatic Babel-based Translation Generator for JS/JSX

The idea: Writing software in Russian is cool because Cyrillic letters differ from Latin. This means you can extract all strings that need localisation automatically, without manually wrapping all messages into _() or <LocalizedMessage /> or anything else.

The same is also true for other languages with an alphabet different from Latin. :)

This Babel plugin implements this idea in practice.

Usage

First install the plugin and include it into your Babel configuration. For example, in .babelrc:

{ ..., "plugins": [ ..., "react-translate" ] }

Or, if you want to specify options:

{ ..., "plugins": [ ..., [ "react-translate", { "output": "strings.json", "regexp": "[А-ЯЁа-яё]" } ] ] }

Then build your project as usual.

The plugin extracts all strings that match the given regexp and puts them into the file specified by the output option (react-translate-output.json by default), relative to the build root (directory containing package.json).

At the same time, the plugin replaces extracted strings with L("message", param1, ..., paramN) function calls in the compilation result.

Now you just have to look into strings.json, translate strings from it into desired languages and feed them to the plugin at runtime with:

import { L, setLanguage, setFallback, setStrings } from 'babel-plugin-react-translate/runtime';

setStrings('en', { "Автор": "Author" });
setLanguage('en');
setFallback('ru');

// Now L() will translate Автор into Author:
L("Автор") == "Author";

Type of strings.json contents is { [filename: string]: string[] } (TS). I.e. it contains a JSON object with keys equal to source file names and values equal to arrays of strings found in the corresponding file.

The plugin handles the following cases:

  1. Simple string literals: 'Привет' becomes L("Привет").
  2. Template literals: `Привет, ${name}!` becomes L("Привет, {1}!", name).
  3. Concatenated string literals: 'Привет, '+name+'!' also becomes L("Привет, {1}!", name).
  4. JSX text: <span>Привет!</span> becomes <span>{L("Привет!")}</span>.

You can also use L() manually to handle more complex scenarios.

Plural Forms

L() supports pluralisation, the syntax is {N:<arg>:<one>:<few>:<many>} (Russian and other languages have different plural forms for "few" (2-4) and "many" objects). Example:

L("У меня {1} {N:1:брат:брата:братьев}!", 155)

You can also use it manually:

import { plural } from 'babel-plugin-react-translate/runtime';

console.log(plural(155, 'брат', 'брата', 'братьев'));

TODO

It would be interesting to support React interpolation, like:

L('User $1 created new project', <a href="/user/1/">{user.name}</a>)

to

<>User <a href="/user/1/">{user.name}</a> created new project</>

License and author

Author: Vitaliy Filippov, 2021+

License: GNU LGPLv3.0